From the late 40s to the early 70s in the USA there was a magazine published for grade school kids called "Treasure Chest" - it was essentially a comic book for Catholic kids -- it had articles of general interest, stories and a lot about the faith. They did a few series over the years on the Mass, the general listing of all those articles is at this link -- but I thought I'd make it a little easy to get to the first page of the actual comic book for each part of the Mass. I think the 60s version is probably the most complete series, but it's worth looking at the other articles, so I've interspersed them.
I'll make the direct links a little easier for you so you won't have to do as much clicking and can go to the first page of the graphic. I have put a little * in front of the parts of the Mass that are variable from day to day (although the preface is either seasonal or changes for a special feast day) -- so if you are new to following the Latin Mass - know that you'd flip to a different page for these propers -- no big deal, as a general rule you don't have to mark more than two extra places in your missal.
I suggest if you are new to trying to follow the latin Mass -- just read all these variable parts BEFORE the Mass - if you go on a Sunday, the Epistle and Gospel will be re-read in the vernacular - so don't trip. If you go on a weekday Mass and you don't have a Daily Missal, if you ask beforehand someone can tell you the epistle and the Gospel. Some places will ALSO read these at a daily Mass in English, some not. Some lucky people might even have the main reading's book, chapter and verses printed in the parish bulletin, so if people bring a little new testament they can look them up before Mass, or read them at home beforehand. (hint for the Amazing Father G. of St. Anne's Parish in San Diego.)
The parish will likely have a version of a missalette that has all the prayers in English/Latin (or English/Spanish as the case may be) There are little pictures on the side, so you can tell where you are. The priests are slavishly accurate about following the rubrics ["rubrics" is a fancy word for rules, the word itself means "the stuff in red" - in other words the instructions - so there will be no cartwheels or liturgical dancing] , so if you position yourself up front, and to the SIDE (i.e. AWAY from the center), you can even see the chalice on the altar the whole way through so you can take note of the position of father's hands and follow the rubrics and where Father is, even though he may be "silent" -- after about 2 or 3 masses at most - Unless you've NEVER been to a Catholic Mass - you should be able to follow the Mass without getting lost.
Even though the articles were written for children, there is a lot of historical information in them that even an adult would find interesting. And because "Mass is Mass" even if you NEVER intend to go to a Latin Mass, you'll still learn a lot about this history of the parts of the Novus Ordo Mass (anything after Dec of 1969) - a lot of the prayers in the NO Mass were shortened (especially the Offertory and the Canon) and there are multiple options given now (for beginning of the Mass), the NO Mass offertory prayers are greatly truncated, and there are multiple options for the Canon now, but all the same you'll be able to follow the flow without trouble if you take about 15 minutes to explore the Latin Missalette provided BEFORE the Mass. Again, SIT UP FRONT AND AT THE SIDE - for your first few Masses at least until you are comfortable with what is going on.
The full text of the latin Mass for the ordinary parts (i.e. the parts that don't change) is here.
The Sign of the Cross - Sept 15, 1960
Judica Me (psalm 42) - Sept 21, 1948 -- (Judica me means "Judge me" - this is one part of the Mass that was dropped with the Novus Ordo. -- it is skipped from two Sundays before Easter Sunday until Easter. [The reason? According to Jungmann, the theory is that when the priest asks "why am I so sad?" It's to keep people from saying to themselves "could be all these darkly drapped statues, that would be your first clue, Father...."])
The Confiteor - Sept 29th, 1960 - (I confess to Almighty God...)
*The Introit - Oct 13th, 1960 - (on a week day Mass this is would correspond to the verse that would be read at the beginning of the Mass in the Novus Ordo)
The Kyrie Eleison - Oct 27th, 1960 - (Lord Have Mercy) Hey, it's all Greek to me.
The Gloria - Nov 10th, 1960
*The Collect - Nov 24th, 1960 - (This would correspond to the opening prayer - i.e. the prayer said just before the people sit down in the N.O.) Note: in the 60s the max. number of collects the priest's would say was cut down to 3 maximum, prior to that more could be said. The number of collects, secrets, and post communions is always the same. I.E. you wouldn't have 1 collect and 2 seuquences, for instances, so however manyh collects the priest says, that's how many secrets and post communion prayers he will say.
*The Epistle - Dec 8th, 1960 - (As a rule of thumb, there was one reading before the gospel, but not always, sometimes there can be many readings, like on the ember Saturdays, for instance)
*The Gradual, Alleluia, Tract, and Sequence - Dec. 22, 1960 (the gradual would correspond to the psalm said between the two Sunday readings in the NO)
*The Gospel - Jan 5th, 1961
The Creed - Jan 19th, 1961 - (the official addition of the creed to the Mass came pretty late to the official Mass -- Change!!! INNOVATION!!! ;-D)
The Lavabo and *The Secret - Feb 16th, 1961 (the Lavabo is the washing of the fingers and the word "Lavabo" means "I will wash" -- the "secret" is a short verse the priest still says to himself just before the preface)
*The Preface - March 2nd, 1961
The Sanctus - March 22, 1949 - (Holy, Holy, Holy....)
The Canon and the Rememberance of the Living - March 30, 1961
The Consecration and the Elevation - April 13th, 1961
[for some unaccountable reason, there really isn't any article on the tail end of the canon and the Our Father, go figure - but there may be an article elsewhere, if/when I find it I will insert it here.]
The Communion - April 27th, 1961
[There is no article on the short Communion verse in the EF mass after the priest has his abulutions -- in the NO Mass this would correspond to the verse said on a weekday Mass when there is no singing just after the priest has his communion, usually it's the verse a member of the congregation reads]
*The post Communion - May 11th, 1961
*The concluding Prayers & Dismissal - May 15th, 1961 - (The N.O. dropped the last gospel (the beginning of the Gospel of John, and the Leonine Prayers - the Leonine prayers were said only after a low Mass, the Leonine prayers were said in Latin, this link doesn't tell you much about the latter two. The short little "Placeat" prayer the priest says to himself is worth looking at in the missal, I don't think it has an equivalent in the NO Mass - unless the priest is saying this to himself.)